Data on fires – including the 2019 wildfires – was obtained from annual reports published by the fire agency. Maps were generated automatically through the use of Google’s Geocoding service and Python programming language.
The dataset from the fire agency’s open data website contains 9,500 rows and 32 columns. This is a fairly complete set that includes information on the date, time, and area of each fire incident as well as data regarding the type of area burned and the forces required to extinguish it.
In order to be able to display each fire on the map, we had to locate its geographical coordinates, i.e. the longitude and latitude of each recorded incident.
Latitude is a measure of the position of a point on the earth’s surface in terms of degrees north or south of the equator. Longitude is the angle between the meridian plane passing through the ground and the meridian plane passing through the first meridian.
For example, the coordinates for Syntagma Square, Athens are: 37.9755° N. (Latitude), 23.7349 ° E. (Longitude)
To locate the geographical coordinates we created a program using the Python programming language, which “read” data on Prefecture, Municipality, Area and Address of each fire recorded by the fire agency and subsequently sent a geocoding request based on this information to Google’s Geolocation Service. The request was created using Python’s Requests Library.
Google’s response to each request included, among other things, the longitude (lat) and latitude (lng) based on our request, as well as information on how accurate the geolocation (loc_type) is. Specifically:
• “ROOFTOP” indicates that the returned result is an exact geocode, for which we have location information accurate down to street address precision.
•“RANGE_INTERPOLATED” indicates that the returned result reflects an approximation interpolated between two precise points (such as intersections). These types of results are usually returned when rooftop geocodes are unavailable for street addresses.
• “GEOMETRIC_CENTER” indicates that the returned result is the geometric center of a result. For example, in a fire at Papagou Cemetery, the returned result will be the center of the cemetery.
• “APPROXIMATE” the search result is approximate.
The geolocation program
Ανάλυση 9500 πυρκαγιών σε ολόκληρη την Ελλάδα.
Οι δασικές πυρκαγιές που κατέγραψε την περασμένη χρονιά η πυροσβεστική υπηρεσία με προσθήκη του γεωγραφικού μήκους και πλάτους ανά συμβάν.